Tag Archive for immigration

Cory Gardner’s narrow view of “freedom”

Cory Gardner’s recent guest opinion piece [in the Times-Call] displays a very narrow view of freedom. We are very fortunate in this country to have the right to vote and (mostly) free speech, as well as many other rights. We do not all have the same ability to share our views.

Free speech and equal speech are not the same things and the increasing difference is alarming. The Supreme Court ruled in the Citizens United case that money equals free speech. Now corporations can spend as much as they want to influence public opinion and elections. You and I do not have the same voice as corporations. Even stockholders have no say in what views corporations expound.

It is hard to feel completely free when comparably few people pump large sums of money into misleading advertisements to influence elections and referendums (Comcast). It would be a little bit more palatable if there wasn’t so much misinformation and mud slinging in paid political advertisements.

These same forces have resulted in the average CEO’s wages increasing by 20 percent over the last year to over $10 million per year and as high as $85 million while the average wage of the middle class increased by about 0.5 percent. The same forces have resulted in tax loopholes for corporations.

Corporations, banks, and Wall Street have the freedom to make some very bad decisions. If these only hurt them, that would be one thing, but their behaviors have badly hurt almost everyone but their executives who supported the bad decisions.

It is hard to feel free when you have been unemployed for a long time. Corporations that are hoarding over 2 trillion dollars are at the same time paying enormous salaries and bonuses to top executives rather than investing in jobs. Do they not understand that in the long run, they need unemployment to shrink?

It is hard to feel completely free when it is increasingly difficult to support your family and provide adequate access to health care. Too many people can not access health care even though they work two or more jobs. It is increasingly hard to feel totally free when you or a family member is seriously ill and you can not get the health care you need.

Mr. Gardner’s support of reform to Medicare addresses a real problem. Much of our health care dollars go to insurance companies that all too often deny coverage. He supports giving money to individuals to buy health care insurance rather than the current system. Who will benefit from a plan that provides future Medicare recipients money to enrich health insurance companies?

If you were brought to this country as an infant or small child without proper paper work, it is hard to feel free when as you get older you can not get a driver’s license, can not work legally, and can not afford college. It is hard to feel free when at anytime a family member can be deported at any time. It is hard to feel free when a parent or spouse is in detention and ICE makes if difficult to find out where that person is. It is hard to feel free when parents are taken at public celebrations such as the Strawberry festival in western Colorado.

It is hard to feel free when you come to the US on a H2A visa to do work in the farm fields, landscape industry, etc. and can only work for one employer. Too often some employers mistreat visa holders, with hold pay, and then tell the worker that if they complain that will call Homeland Security and have them sent home.

Farmers depend on labor to harvest their crops. Even in this economy they can not get US citizens and other documented workers to do this back breaking work. In Georgia the recent anti immigrant laws have deprived farmers of over 20,000 needed workers and as a result they will not be able to harvest all their crops. How free do these farmers feel?

We need to address these issues for the good of all. In the mean time we need to enjoy the freedoms that we do have, such as the freedom of religion separated from government at all levels, freedom to associate with whom we wish, freedom to work for the changes we want while working to protect those things that we cherish.

These views are entirely my own and not those of any agency or group to which I belong.

Immigration: It’s the economy, not ideology

Irish immigrants

Irish immigrants, one of America's largest immigrant groups, were also disparaged. Businesses in New York routinely displayed 'No Irish Need Apply' signs.

Among the least well understood impacts of immigration are its impacts on economics, taxes, and jobs of native-born Americans. This is a complex subject and details will vary from location to location. It is certainly complicated by the current economic conditions in the US and around the globe. The causes of the current economic conditions are also complex but often linked to the risky investment policies of banks and Wall Street, as well as, a real estate market that was unsustainable and suffered from the issuance of loans that were certain to fail.

The over all impact of immigration policy options was evaluated by the Immigration Policy Center using historical data. They concluded that enforcement only policies have been counter productive having a negative impact on wages and that a comprehensive policy would “raise the wage floor for the entire US economy – to the benefit of both immigrant and native-born workers.”

The Policy Center used a computable general equilibrium model to arrive at their estimate of the economic ramifications of three scenarios.

Scenario 1 is comprehensive immigration reform. This scenario is estimated to result in an increase in GDP of at least 0.84 percent. This is equivalent to 1.5 trillion dollars over ten years. Additionally wages are increased for native-born and recently legalized immigrants.

Scenario 2 is the temporary worker program. This scenario is estimated to result in an increase in GDP of at least 0.44 percent. This is equivalent to 794 billion dollars over ten years. Additionally wages decline for native born and recently legalized immigrants.

Scenario 3 is mass deportation. This scenario is estimated to result in a decrease in GDP of 1.46 percent. This is equivalent to 2.6 trillion dollars over ten years. Additionally wages would increase for less-skilled native-born workers and decrease for higher-skilled native-born workers. Additionally a wide spread decrease in jobs would result.

Analysis by the New Policy Institute shows that high levels of immigration have not had an adverse effect on wages of native-born workers. On the contrary, long term effects have been to raise wages in part because of increased capital expenditures made to take advantage of the labor pool. While the average wages have increased due to immigration, there are exceptions where low income wages have decreased in locations with the presence of large numbers of immigrants. This later concern has been shown to be reversed if immigration reform was to be implemented. This would allow immigrants to move from high immigrant locations. It would also lessen the practice of some employers to pay less than the minimum wage and to withhold earned wages. This alter practice is illegal, is not limited to immigrant workers (60 to 70 percent of low wage earners in the US have been either not paid or under paid), and not only hurts the directly effected worker, but reduces money being spent in the local economy and the subsequent loss of sales tax which many communities depend on.

Immigrants are 30 percent more likely to start new businesses than native-born Americans. Many of the very large high tech businesses have been founded by immigrants. Latino owned businesses in Colorado had sales of 5.1 billion dollars in 2002 and employed 34,000 workers. The numbers have only continued to increase.

Immigrants accounted for 11.4 percent of the work force in 2002. If all undocumented immigrants were removed from Colorado the state would lose 8 billion dollars in expenditures and 3.6 billion in economic output according to the Perryman Group.

Analyses show that immigration does not over the long term adversely impact local, state or federal budgets. In locations where there are large numbers of immigrant children there is typically a net financial burden for schools and for medical care. On the federal level there is not a net burden. Immigrants pay federal taxes and have Social Security and Medicare withholdings for which they have largely not receive any benefit. Dynamic models show that over long times there are substantial net gains from the life time earnings of immigrants, many of whom arrive post school age without elderly parents.

It is clear that immigrants have made strong contributions to the economy. Decisions that are made around immigration need to be based on more than philosophical grounds. Like any other issue it is best to have as many facts as possible. Decisions made around immigration not only impact the immigrants and their families, as well as, employers who have depended on immigrants to grow and maintain their businesses. Decisions will have many other consequences, especially as age demographics continue to change leaving more and more need for younger workers.

Economics provide another reason for implementing immigration reform this year.